Research

Higher rate of hip fractures amongst vegetarian women - 2022

A Leeds University study of more than 26,000 middle-aged UK women reveals those with a vegetarian diet had a 33% higher risk of hip fracture compared to regular meat-eaters.

The research, which was published in the journal BMC Medicine, investigated the risk of hip fracture in occasional meat-eaters, pescatarians (people who eat fish but not meat) and vegetarians – compared with regular meat-eaters. 

Among 26,318 women, 822 hip fracture cases were observed over roughly 20 years – that represented just over 3% of the sample population. After adjustment for factors such as smoking and age, vegetarians were the only diet group with an elevated risk of hip fracture.  

Education, job, and social life may help protect the brain from cognitive decline - 2022

A new study has explored the possibility that a healthy social and working life, as well as education, could help us ward off cognitive decline in our brain.

Some people with amyloid plaques in their brains, associated with Alzheimer’s disease, show no signs of the disease, while others with the same amount of plaque have problems with memory and thinking. 

Researchers in the UK looked at genetic and life course factors that may help create a “cognitive reserve” that provides a buffer against the disease.

They found that factors such as taking part in clubs, religious groups, sports or artistic activities, along with educational attainment by age 26, occupation and reading ability, may affect the brain’s cognitive reserve. 

The Cost of Inequality - putting a price on health - 2021

This paper by the Centre for the Study of Financial Innovation proposes a novel way of thinking about inequalities, linking health to wealth and to the economy.  

It shows, for example, that a one-year extension in healthy life expectancy would add around 3.4 months to working lives and 4.5 months to overall life expectancy.   It also shows that it is generally more efficient to focus policy on increasing healthy life expectancy than on extending the total life span. 

Fruit, veg and exercise can make us happier - 2021

Research by the University of Kent and University of Reading found that eating fruit and vegetables, as well as exercising can increase levels of happiness.

While the link between lifestyle and wellbeing has been previously documented and often used to encourage healthier lifestyle habits, findings published by the Journal of Happiness Studies show that there is also a positive causation from lifestyle to life satisfaction.

This research is the first of its kind to unravel the causation of how happiness, the consumption of fruit and vegetables and exercising are related, rather than generalising a correlation. 

Self Care Vital to Healthy Ageing – 2021

The World Economic Forum, says human lifespan really does have a limit though self care is vital to healthy ageing.  Research which looked at the “invariant rate of ageing” found that humans have a built in tendency to age. 

Though life expectancy has risen since the mid-1800s due to healthier, safer societies we will not live forever because ageing is built into our genes.  Scientists believe the “absolute limit” is 150 years but, one thing is clear, however long we live, self care is vital to healthy ageing.  So, stick to a healthy diet, keep active, drink only in moderation, don’t smoke and you could live to be 150.

Limit TV Watching to 2 hours says researchers – 2020

According to a study by scientists at Glasgow University restricting TV watching time for adults could increase longevity. Analysis of information from 500,000 Britons aged from 37 to 73 over seven years showed that 6 per cent of all-deaths and 8 per cent of cardiovascular related deaths could be associated with too much TV watching. The study findings pointed to too much time spent watching TV resulting in less exercise and poor diet.

Food Supplements can help brain development – 2020

Research published in The BMJ recently found that giving nutritional supplements to young children in low income countries for around 6 months could improve their brain health.

Dr. Me. “significantly improves” schoolchildren’s self care knowledge – 2020

A study of more than 200 schoolchildren showed that Dr. Me. – a self care presentation designed by GP Dr Chee Yeen to empower schoolchildren – was shown to significantly improve their understanding of how to self care minor conditions.

The children attended workshops covering vomiting and diarrhoea; sore throat and fever; and minor head injuries. In the study, six case scenarios were asked at the beginning and end of the session, and children decided whether to stay home, visit the GP or attend A&E.

Living longer but not necessarily healthier: The joint progress of health and mortality in the working-age population of England – 2020

According to research in Population Studies – A journal of demography, we are living longer but not necessarily in good health.

The study which looked at generational health, suggests that younger generations can no longer expect to lead healthier lives than their ancestors. People in England in their forties and fifties are, on average, in significantly worse physical shape than those now in their sixties and seventies were at the same age.

Reducing antibiotic prescribing for self-limiting respiratory tract infections in primary care – A pilot study by Dr Pete Smith et al 2015

Churchill Medical Centre, a primary care centre in Surrey, implemented a practice-wide programme aimed at patients and clinicians to reduce ineffective antibiotic prescriptions for common respiratory tract infections.

The evidence for investing in high quality health information for patients and the public – 2013

The Patient Information Forum (PiF) commissioned research to identify the benefits of investing in health information. The project found that there are good reasons to justify the investment in health information provision and support. These include positive impacts on service use and costs, substantial capacity savings, and significant returns on investment by increasing shared decision-making, self-care and the self-management of long-term conditions.

Primary Care: Today and Tomorrow – Improving general practice by working differently –2012

According to this report, general practices need to develop ways of working with patients to help them improve their health rather than simply treating their “episodic illness”.  Improved information and communications in practices is needed, developing shared decision-making and self care strategies to help educate patients into taking care of their own health.

Helping People Help Themselves – 2011

The Health Foundation has produced this literature review to respond to the questions and challenges of clinicians wanting to appraise the benefits of self-management support.

This review of more than 550 pieces of high quality research suggests that it is worthwhile to support self-management, in particular through focusing on behaviour change and supporting self-efficacy.

Making the Case for the Self Care of Minor Ailments – 2009

Research looking at ways to drive self care in the population and reasons why people choose to seek help for their minor ailments. 

 

How to Drive Growth in Self Care – 2008

The Nielsen Company partnered with the Association of the European Self-medication Industry (AESGP) in this global research project. The objective was to better understand consumer attitudes towards key aspects of self care

 

Self Care Aware: Joining up Self Care in the NHS – 2007

JUSC is a strategy to improve the interface between primary care and the community. This will ensure that service demand is efficiently managed, actively supporting the individual’s own ability to combine self care, when possible, with primary care, when needed.

 

A Picture of Health – 2005

A national consumer survey into people’s experience of everyday ailments and health conditions such as colds, headaches, allergies, indigestion and muscle aches, and how they deal with them. 

The findings offer a fascinating insight into how we manage our everyday health and in particular our preference for looking after ourselves as far as we can.